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3 edition of relationship between gender roles and HIV infection in Namibia found in the catalog.

relationship between gender roles and HIV infection in Namibia

Scholastika Lipinge

relationship between gender roles and HIV infection in Namibia

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  • 27 Currently reading

Published by University of Namibia Press in [Windhoek, Namibia] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Namibia.
    • Subjects:
    • AIDS (Disease) -- Namibia.,
    • Gender identity -- Namibia.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby Scholastika Lipinge, Kathe Hofnie, Steve Friedman.
      SeriesIssue ;, no. 8, Publication (Windhoek, Namibia) ;, no. 8.
      ContributionsHofnie, Kathe., Friedman, Steve.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsRA643.86.N3 L55 2004
      The Physical Object
      Paginationvi, 281 p. ;
      Number of Pages281
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3359620M
      ISBN 109991663738
      LC Control Number2004410221

      Gender-based Violence and HIV: A Program Guide for Integrating Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response in PEPFAR Programs. Arlington, VA: USAID’s AIDS Support and Technical Assistance Resources, AIDSTAR-One, Task Order Size: KB. HIV/AIDS, Under-nutrition and Food Insecurity Malnutrition, particularly among children, is currently one of the largest and most devastating global health issues. Worldwide, approximately million people are undernourished, with the largest share in sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia (FAO, ).


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relationship between gender roles and HIV infection in Namibia by Scholastika Lipinge Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Lipinge, Scholastika. Relationship between gender roles and HIV infection in Namibia.

[Windhoek, Namibia]: University of Namibia Press, Edwards, L. HIV/AIDS, gender and sexuality: Socio-cultural impediments to women’s sexual and reproductive autonomy.

In S. Lafont & D. Hubbard (Eds.), Unravelling taboos: Gender and sexuality in Namibia (pp. Windhoek, Namibia: Legal Assistance Centre. Google ScholarAuthor: Shelene Gentz, Mónica Ruiz-Casares. Determinants of women's vulnerability Biological.

From a biological point of view, women are more susceptible to HIV infection than men—male to female transmission of HIV is between two and four times more efficient than female to presence of sexually transmitted infections also increases the risk of transmission and acquisition of HIV by up to fold, and as most sexually Cited by: They cover: the HIV/AIDS context for the leadership response in Namibia, why Namibians are so heavily affected by HIV and what leaders are able to do about it; the response of civil society and the farming sector to HIV/AIDS in Namibia; the relationship between gender roles and HIV infection, and community support for the education of orphans and other vulnerable children.

New infections tend to disproportionately affect girls in countries with an HIV epidemic driven mostly by heterosexual intercourse or where transactional sex, including commercial sexual exploitation of children, is prevalent.

Such is the case in Eastern and Southern Africa and in West and Central Africa. The inequalities between men and women that are created and reinforced by gender roles typically leave women especially vulnerable to HIV infection and its impacts, but it is also important to recognize that gender roles affect men’s vulnerability as well.

BackgroundThis qualitative study investigated gender power inequalities as they contribute to relationship dynamics and HIV-serostatus disclosure among men and women living with HIV in Durban, South Africa.

HIV serodiscordance among men and women within stable partnerships contributes to high HIV incidence in southern Africa, yet disclosure rates remain by: 9. In Jamaica, young women are twice as relationship between gender roles and HIV infection in Namibia book as young men.

 In Honduras, AIDS is the leading cause of death for women. These allow us to reflect on the implications of the feminization of HIV/AIDS in the light of unequal gender power relations: several studies show significant overlap in prevalence of HIV/AIDS and Size: KB.

Gender and HIV/AIDS: UNAIDS Technical Update September The Challenges Others are made vulnerable to HIV by virtue of the disruption mobility causes to their families and social support networks. The military and many mobile occupations (e.g. truck driving and seafaring) are predominantly taken up by men and also contribute to circumstances that.

HIV/AIDS a poses serious threat to public health around the globe; the World Health Organisation estimates that in there were more than 30 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, and an estimated 2 million deaths as a direct result of the those deaths, the majority occurred on the African continent, with some million African fatalities attributed to disease.

relates to HIV/AIDS and human security in Africa in particular. take on non-traditional gender roles and some women carers to. about the inter-relationship between gender, HIV/AIDS and. A systematic review was conducted of gender, masculinity, HIV infection and other sexually-transmitted infections in original articles published between and Original studies published Author: Robert Wyrod.

The Millennium Development Goals era witnessed reduction in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) epidemic across the globe and now the Sustainable Development Goal 3 commits to end the AIDS epidemic by There are enough research and data available on the strong relationship between nutrition and HIV.

Generally, in the literature, gender is understood as the social role occupied by each sex and gender relations as the interactions between these two social roles.

The relative status of women in society in general and in their intimate relationships in particular can strongly impact the chances of being infected (Macdonald ) and is a common theme in the by: as a direct result of HIV and AIDS and that by the year it may have reduced the aggregate output by between 15 to 20 percent (World Bank, ).

By some estimates between 50 and 80 percent of hospital beds in Southern Africa are occupied by people with HIV related infections File Size: KB. Dramatic gains in prevention of HIV/AIDS infection, with special attention to young men and women.

For example, to reduce vulnerability to HIV/AIDS infection, at least 90% of youth aged should have access to preventive methods by (such as female and male condoms, voluntary testing, counseling, etc) and 95% by Gender-related factors shape the extent to which men, women, boys and girls are vulnerable to HIV infection, the ways in which AIDS affects them, and the kinds of responses that are feasible in.

Since 70% of the worldwide infection is now occurring through unprotected sexual intercourse, the interplay between gender and the HIV/AIDS pandemic has to be seriously examined as a key. relationship between violence and the spread of HIV/AIDS, and an even stronger correlation between pover-ty and domestic violence, in Namibia.

Poverty forces women and children to stay in violent relationships where very often they are subjected to rape and HIV infection by their HIV-positive partners.

It is said thatFile Size: KB. The relationship between the AIDS pandemic and gender inequality is gaining recognition globally. New HIV/AIDS infections are now increasing faster among women and girls than among males; therefore, last year half of all new cases occurred in females. At the recent 45th session of the Commission on the Status of Women, where HIV/AIDS was one of the main thematic issues, the.

It finds that education has a key role in establishing conditions that lower the prevalence of HIV infection, such as poverty reduction, personal empowerment and gender equity. Tallis, Vicci, 'Gender and HIV/AIDS: Overview Report', Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK, September   Young women in the ages of 15 and 24 are somewhere there is a disproportionate number of new HIV infections.

In the yeararoundadolescent girls and young women became HIV positive. There is a far higher rate than the new infections which among young men are twice as likely to acquire HIV as their male peers. We must increase public awareness and debate about the relationship between gender inequality and HIV/AIDS.

We must address the causes of gender inequality, not only the consequences. In the weeks, months and years following this report, we must work with girls and women to thoroughly analyse their situation using a human rights- and gender.

Despite more than a decade of work in the field of HIV/AIDS prevention, global estimates of HIV infections indicated that, million [ million– million] were living with HIV at the. Education is recognized as a social determinant of health.

Education has also been identified as a social vaccine against contracting HIV. Research suggests a negative linear relationship between educational attainment (years of education) and HIV infection rate, especially the educational attainment of women and girls.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Gender has long been recognized as being key to understanding and addressing HIV and AIDS. Gender roles and relations that structure and legitimate women’s subordination and simultaneously foster models of masculinity that justify and reproduce men’s dominance over women exacerbate the spread and impact of the by:   Globally, both gender and racial inequalities play significant roles in perpetuating the HIV epidemic [].South Africa carries the largest share of the global HIV burden and a nationally representative population based household survey conducted in showed that an estimated million people, about % of the population, were living with HIV in the country (2).Author: M.

Mabaso, L. Makola, I. Naidoo, L. Mlangeni, S. Jooste, L. Simbayi. The Interrelationship Between Gender-based Violence and HIV/AIDS in South Africa By Chineze J. Onyejekwe Abstract This paper focuses on how gender-based violence intersects with HIV/AIDS in ways too devastating to be ignored.

Women’s subordinate position is linked to poverty, sexual abuse/rape, and the risk to women in long-term union. While some macro and micro studies find a positive relationship between poverty and HIV, others do not.

Although efforts have been made to tackle the issue of poverty as a way of dealing with HIV/AIDS, the role played by poverty in HIV/AIDS remains poorly understood. There are several impediments to understanding the poverty and HIV/AIDS by: 7. --The relationship between gender roles and HIV infection in Namibia / S Llpinge (p.

-- Why. What. why are Namibians so heavily affected by HIV. what can we do as teachers. In contrast, the GAD (or Gender and Development) approach focuses on the socially constructed basis of differences between men and women and emphasises the need to challenge existing gender roles and relations Women’s Empowerment A ‘bottom-up’ process of transforming gender power relations, through individuals or groups developingFile Size: KB.

HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many parts of Africa. Although the continent is home to about percent of the world's population, more than two-thirds of the total infected worldwide – some 35 million people – were Africans, of whom 15 million have already died.

Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounted for an estimated 69 percent of all people living with HIV. Interaction between biological sex, gender and risk of HIV 11 HIV and gender effects of economic hardship 12 Un-safe sex practices from a gender perspective 12 Men who have sex with men 13 Sexual education and awareness 13 Gender aspects of intravenous drug use 14 HIV in Pregnancy and mother-to-child-transmission The Power Imbalance Between Man and Women and Its Effects on the Rampant Spread of HIV/ ior that contributes to the increase of HIV infection among women.

One traditional belief is that “good women” are noted the need to study the relationship between gender and HIV and made it a top priority for In Novem. Prevalent HIV infection and legal status of sex work. HIV prevalence in contexts with partial legalization is % (/), % (/) within Author: Carrie E.

Lyons, Sheree R. Schwartz, Sarah M. Murray, Kate Shannon, Daouda Diouf, Tampose Mothopeng. there is little variation in sexual practices between different ethnic groups b. acculturation may play a role in latino adolescents sexual behavior c.

male, african american, and inner city adolescents report being the most sexually active d. asian american adolescents have the most restrictive sexual timetable. This is a review of publications addressing aspects of the intersection between gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV. A large body of literature exists on the negative impacts of societies’ stringent ascription of gender roles on vulnerability to HIV infection and, once infected, to receiving appropriate or quality care and Size: KB.

Sexual Power and HIV Risk, South Africa and the role of STIs in HIV infection. References 1. Summary report national HIV and syphilis. Antental seroprevalence Gender-based violence, relationship power, and risk of prevalent HIV infection in women attending antenatal clinics in.

Sexual relationship power did not significantly mediate the relationships between gender attitudes and HIV risk behavior. A better understanding of gender roles and ideologies in combination with one's power in sexual relationships as they relate to HIV risk behavior among men could better inform future HIV prevention interventions Cited by:   Amsterdam, 1 December – HIV/AIDS has rapidly become the most extensive and damaging epidemic the world has ever seen, representing a societal tragedy of far-reaching implications for human security, social and political stability, and economic development.

A crucial aspect of the epidemic is the relationship between gender and HIV/AIDS, according to an article in the. The relationship between HIV/AIDS and human rights is highlighted in three areas: Increased vulnerability: Certain groups are more vulnerable to contracting the HIV virus because they are unable to realize their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

For example, individuals who are denied the right to freedom of association.African, Caribbean, and Black (ACB) women are greatly overrepresented in new HIV infections in comparison with Canada's general population. Social and structural factors such as HIV-related stigma, gender discrimination, and racial discrimination converge to increase vulnerability to HIV infection among ACB women by reducing access to HIV prevention by: ating infection rates among women, and particularly young women, many have pointed to the potential importance of economic empowerment strategies for HIV prevention responses.

Global evidence suggests that the relationship between poverty and HIV risk is complex, and that poverty on its own cannot be viewed simplistically as a driver of the HIV epidemic.

Rather, its role appears to be.